“One Health has been part of the veterinary vocabulary for some time. Perhaps more than any other profession, veterinarians understand that the health of animals, people and the environment are intrinsically connected. Here at OVC, the One Health concept is woven into all that we do – teaching, research and outreach.” -OVC Dean, Dr. Jeff Wichtel

The interrelationship between the health of humans, animals, and the environment has been recognized for decades.  However, in this time of emerging zoonoses and other health crises, there is an increasing recognition that the One Health agenda needs to move beyond the conceptual and become an operational component of the health portfolio, both nationally and globally.

Zoonotic diseases – Lyme disease, Zika virus, rabies – are increasingly being portrayed in the media as One Health issues; discussions around food safety and food security are taking on increased urgency in the media, and the environmental health of the planet dominates conversation. It seems that, after years of little progress, the One Health approach is gaining traction.

Conceptually, the One Health principle recognizes that the health of humans, animals, and the environment are directly linked; the health of each is dependent on the health of the others.  Our members have considerable expertise in One Health. Some of our researchers use a one health approach to their research, employing multidisciplinary research approaches to address a public health issue across the human-animal-environmental continuum. Other researchers work on a particular issue, or with a specific population, to address a one health topic.

The mandate of the Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses does not entirely encompass the topics that can be considered One Health issues, and all the same One Health does not cover everything related to public health and zoonotic disease. They are different ideas that interlink and we epitomize aspects of these connections and the strength our members display in these areas. Read on for more examples of One Health from our members.

November 3 is the official Global One Health Day. CPHAZ participates in One Health events around this date annually. Launched in 2016, as a joint initiative of the One Health Platform, the One Health Commission and the One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono Team, this day provides the opportunities to learn and share about One Health initiatives around the world. More information at the One Health Platform website. 

One Health Poster Day 2018 – Share your work!

| CPHAZ Features, One Health | No Comments
In celebration of Global One Health Day, the Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses would like to promote and share all of the One Health initiatives happening in our community. We…

2017 CPHAZ Annual Report is available now!

| CPHAZ Features, One Health | No Comments
The 2017 annual report from the Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses is now available online! Printed copies will be available in a few weeks. Thank you to all of…

One Health Poster Day in review

| CPHAZ Features, One Health | No Comments
On October 31st, CPHAZ hosted a One Health Poster day in the atrium of the Summerlee Science Complex. This event is in celebration of Global One Health Day, which is…

One Health Poster Day

| CPHAZ Features, One Health | No Comments
The Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses (CPHAZ) is excited to host their 2nd annual ONE HEALTH POSTER DAY on Tuesday, October 31st, 2017 from 10am - 3pm in the Summerlee Science…

One Health Word Tree

| CPHAZ Features, One Health | No Comments
At the CPHAZ Scientific Symposium on May 23, 2017, we asked the participants to describe One Health in one word. When made into a word tree the result is above. In…

CPHAZ is celebrating a One Health focus during CVMA’s Animal Health Week!

| CPHAZ Features, One Health | No Comments
Thank you for participating in our week long celebration of CVMA’s Animal Health focusing on One Health! It has been a wonderful and thought-provoking week with 2 case studies, one…

Examples of One Health projects at the University of Guelph

We have compiled some of the research from the Ontario Veterinary College over the last 5 years that uses One Health methods or takes a One Health approach on the research subject.

Faculty NameStudent Name / Collaborative GroupProject Title
Harper, SherileeStephanie MasinaDetermine the prevalence and sources of waterborne pathogens in Iqaluit, Nunavut to explore why the rates of acute gastrointestinal illness appear to be high in this community.
Papadopoulos, AndrewVaneet RakhraPracticum: Lyme disease and Ixodes scapularis expansion in Ontario, Canada
Berke, OlafJilianne Hoffer-MajorA spatial and temporal analysis of private well water samples in Oxford County, Canada 2005-2015
Berke, OlafJillian HurdSpatial analysis of leptosporosis amongst muskrats in Germany and it's potential risk factors - is leptospirosis in muskrats a predictor for leptospirosis in humans?
Sargeant, JanDanielle Julien (Wright)Utilizing the principles of One Health to mitigate public health risks and consequences of companion animal zoonoses in marginalized and low-resource setting communities
Poljak, ZvonimirAdam CampigottoGlobal data ecosystem for agriculture and food.
Pearl, David
Genet Asmelash MedhanieThe role of european starlings in the epidemiology of zoonotic pathogens and antimicrobial resistant E.coli in Ohio Dairy Farms
Pearl, DavidNadine VogtAntimicrobial resistance in the feces of waterfowl in Ontario
Pearl, DavidAndrea ThomasCorvid and mosquito pool surveillance data for the detection of West Nile virus in Ontario, 2002-2008: A comparison using survival analyses and spatial scan statistics
Dewey, CateMichael LevyChallenges and Opportunities of Small-holder Pig Production and Marketing in Western Kenya.
Dewey, CateWarren DoddLabour Mobility, Health, and Rural Livelihoods in Southern India
Dewey, CateLaura Jane WeberUnderstanding the centrality of place and connection to the land in Inuit conceptions of well-being in the Canadian Arctic
Dewey, CateNatalie CarterEnhancing pig productivity on East African smallholder farms
Friendship, RobertSaranya NairInvestigation into the effect of in-feed flavophas-pholipol on salmonella shedding and antimicrobial resistance in pigs
Pearl, DavidMythri ViswanathanMolecular epidemiological study of Campylobacter spp. carriage in mammalian wildlife and livestock in southern Ontario
Greer, AmyLuz KisielUsing a dog demography field study to inform development of an agent-based computer simulation to evaluate owned dog population control interventions in a small semi-urban community in Mexico
Greer, AmyGabrielle BrankstonAssessing the impact of environmental exposures and Cryptosporidium infection in cattle on human incidence of Cryptosporidiosis
Greer, AmyAriel BrunnTemporal associations between environmental conditions and pathogen colonization of livestock on human cases of Giardia duodenalis in Waterloo region
Harper, SherileeDavid BorishHow declining caribou population is affecting the aboriginal population.
Harper, SherileeKate Bishop-WilliamsComparing the impact of seasonal and meteorological parameters on acute respiratory infections in Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples
Harper, SherileeJamie SnookCo-management of wildlife, plants, and fisheries in the Labrador Inuit Settlement Area.
Harper, SherileeAlexandra SawatzskyComprehensive environmental surveillance system that prioritizes Inuit conceptions of human-environment relationships
Harper, SherileeJacqueline MiddletonHow do changes in meteorology, season, and climate impact Inuit mental health in Nunatsiavut?
O'Sullivan, TerriHeidi EcclesUsing qualitative and quantitative methods to understand what it means to be a rural community practitioner in present day Ontario and to inform the curriculum for the Rural Community Practice stream.
Harper, SherileeAnna ManoreThe testing of retail and traditional foods in Iqaluit, NU, in order to determine the prevalence and burden of foodborne pathogens in Inuit populations.
Papadopoulos, AndrewKaren GowdyPracticum: Ontario Zoonotic Influenza Plan
McEwen, ScottSherilee HarperGastrointestinal Illness in Canada’s North: Implications of Climate Change on Current and Future Inuit Health
Papadopoulos, AndrewWendy PonsAn Examination of opportunities for small non-community drinking water systems to improve drinking water safely
Papadopoulos, AndrewCasey PanningPracticum: Public health and veterinary partnerships: Demonstrating the equity and utility of the One Health clinic model among homeless pet-owners
Papadopoulos, AndrewJayme MarrottePracticum: An integrated assessment model of antimicrobial resistance along the food chain of broiler chicken; assessing human exposure in the Canadian context.
Papadopoulos, AndrewSteven LamPracticum: Applying an Ecohealth approach to a state of the environment report: Experiences of the Grey Bruce Health Unit
Papadopoulos, AndrewSarah GarlandPracticum: Escherichia coli with Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Production: Impacts on Human Health
Papadopoulos, AndrewAlexandra FournierPracticum: Thematic analysis and scoping review: The role of wildlife in the transmission of pathogenic bacteria to the food chain
Menzies, PaulaShannon MeadowsCoxiella burnetii seropositivity and associated risk factors in sheep, goats, their farm workers and veterinarians in Ontario, Canada
McEwen, ScottAnne DeckertCampylobacter in Human Cases and Retail Chicken in two Health Units in Ontario
Harper, SherileeLindsay DayIntegrating Indigenous and Western knowledge systems for improved water management and research in the North
McEwen, ScottBrennan ChapmanUse of whole genome sequencing (WGS) data to inform quantitative microbial risk assessment of foodborne AMR pathogens
McEwen, ScottBarbara WilhelmThe potential public health risks of three selected emerging potentially zoonotic viruses in pigs and pork in Canada
McEwen, ScottMai PhamAdvancing the use of knowledge synthesis to inform policy and decision making in agri-food public health
McEwen, ScottSarah ParkerMulti-criteria decision analysis for pathogen prioritization and on-farm interventions to control pathogens transmitted from pork to people in Canada
Jones-Bitton, AndriaAlessia GuthrieHoney Bee Health and Productivity in Ontario using a multifactorial epidemiologic approach
Pearl, DavidBenjamin HetmanNovel analytics for performing genomic epidemiology by investigating whole-genome sequence (WGS) data from Salmonella enteritidis circulating in the poultry production systems of southern Ontario.
Pearl, DavidAlexandra SwirskiInforming Giardia surveillance and giardiasis prevention in a FoodNet Canada sentinel site through an investigation of local surface waters and risk factors associated with domestic and foreign travel
Pearl, DavidErin LeonardWhat could your dog Be carrying? - Zoonotic enteric bacteria in pet dogs in Ontario: Prevalence, risk factors, and antimicrobial resistance
Pearl, DavidKatherine PaphitisInvestigate the spatial distribution of Salmonella in Ontario, including assessment of relevant risk factors and the effectiveness of existing cluster detection methods in predicting potential human outbreaks of salmonellosis in Ontario with specific emphasis on Salmonella Heidelberg and Salmonella Typhimurium.
Sargeant, JanVictoria NgQuantitative methods for prioritizing zoonotic disease risks
Sargeant, JanKatheryn ChurchillPrevalence and concentration of Listeria monocytogenes in ready to eat foods: A systematic review
Sargeant, JanTara SadeghiehInfectious disease modelling of vectorborne diseases
Sargeant, JanLee WisenerAlternative to the use of antibiotics in beef cattle: A scoping review
Sargeant, JanJessica KeithlinSystematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of individuals with selected food safety illnesses that develop chronic sequelae
Sargeant, JanTaylor McLindenComponent costs of foodborne illness using non-typhoidal salmonella illness as an exemplar
Sargeant, JanTyler O’NeillQ-fever in small ruminants and in humans
Sargeant, JanTheresa ProctorZoonotic diseases in dogs visiting dog parks
Faculty NameStudent Name /
Collaborative Group
Project Title
Jardine, ClaireKristin BondoEpidemiology of Salmonella and antimicrobial resistant enteric bacteria in raccoons and the environment of swine farms and conservation areas in southern Ontario.
Barta, JohnRachel ImaiCombining PCR and Next-Generation Sequencing to explore the diversity of coccidia (Eimeria spp.) infecting turkeys globally
Jardine, ClaireKatie ClowUnderstanding the influence of abiotic and biotic factors in Lyme disease ecology to predict the future distribution of endemic risk areas in Ontario
Nemeth, NicoleSamantha AllenSeroprevalence of Leptospira in wild mammals trapped on livestock farms in Ontario, Canada.
Weese, ScottHolly ArcherSeroprevalence of tick-borne diseases in Canadian Dogs
Caswell, JeffLaura BourqueEnvironmental toxicants and stress: Failure of innate immunity in development of pneumonia in cetaceans.
Wood, DarrenWilliam GowMicroRNA profiling for diagnosis and prognosis in canine multicentric lymphoma
Jardine, ClaireJamie RothenburgerThe impact of host and environmental factors on the distribution of zoonotic pathogens in wild rats
Weese, ScottMichelle EvasonLyme disease and ticks in humans and companion animals
Weese, ScottMaureen AndersonVideo Observation of Infection Control Practices in Veterinary Clinics and a Petting Zoo, with Emphasis on Hand Hygiene and Interventions to Improve Hand Hygiene Compliance
Weese, ScottJason StullPets as a Source of Zoonotic Disease: an Investigation into Knowledge, Atttudes and Practices Related to Pet Contact and Associated Zoonoses in Low and High Disease-risk Households
Faculty NameStudent Name /
Collaborative Group
Project Title
Gibson, TomDominique GagnonAn in vitro Method to Test the Safety and Efficacy of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in the Healing of a Canine Skin Model
Woods, PaulJerome CalvalidoMeasurement of pre-treatment levels and early changes in serum cytokines of dogs with multicentric lymphoma treated with a CHOP chemotherapy protocol
Nykamp, StephanieCyrielle FinckStructural and Functional integrity of microwave ablation antennas with repeated use of re-sterilization: protocol development for microwave ablation of long bones in dogs- a novel cancer therapy
Blois, ShaunaChristopher GreenwoodVeterinary fecal microbiota transplantation and inflammatory bowel disease
Blois, ShaunaShannon WestgarthThe Individual and Combined Effects of Long-Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Low-Dose Asprin on Canine Platelet Function
Faculty NameStudent Name /
Collaborative Group
Project Title
Coomber, BrendaSean MassonInhibition of Cell Signalling in Neoplastic Canine Mast Cells
Coomber, BrendaExpanding our knowledge of diagnostic and prognostic cancer in humans through treatment and research of cancer in dogs
Coomber, BrendaKarolina SkowronskiProfiling and Targeting Microenvironment-Induced Changes in the Cancer Epigenome 

Martino, TamiNovel Drug Targeting of the Circadian Mechanism and Heart Disease
Martino, TamiIn collaboration with the University of TorontoACEi and ICUs: Circadian Biology and Heart Disease
Martino, TamiIn collaboration with the University of TorontoIron-mediated cardioprotection in ischemia-reperfusion injury
Martino, TamiIn collaboration with Sunnybrook Hospital, University of TorontoCircadian proteomics of cancer
Moorehead, RogerRitesh BriahCancer treatment and the discovery of novel methods. Specifically he is working on a molecular targeted treatment for lung cancer
Mutsaers, TonyNicole WeidnerInvestigating the effects of beta-glucans on canine melanoma and osteosarcoma cell lines.
Mutsaers, TonySteven BaltjesCancer stem cell characteristics for primary and metastatic osteosarcoma tumours
Mutsaers, TonyJoanna SmichRadiation response in P13K/mToR targeting in canine melanoma
Mutsaers, TonyIn collaboration with University of Waterloo, McMaster University and Grand River Regional Cancer CentreInvestigating the ability of irradiated gold nanoparticles to target malignant cells in the prostate and improving treatment options for prostate cancer in dogs and humans
Petrick, JimIn collaboration with Allison Holloway, McMaster UniversityOvarian Dysfunction in offspring subjected to maternal undernutrition
Petrick, JimIn collaboration with Deborah Sloboda, McMaster UniversityReproductive disorders following alterations in the maternal uterine environment
Petrick, JimIn collaboration with Trevor Shepherd & Gabe DiMattia, Western UniversityMevalonate pathway activation in advanced stage ovarian cancer
Petrick, JimIn collaboration with Ted Brown, University of TorontoMatricellular proteins in Ovarian cancer
Pyle, GlenIn collaboration with Stanford and Bar-Ilan UniversitiesDevelopment of peptide-based therapies to treat myocardial infarctions and ischemic heart failure.
Pyle, GlenIn collaboration with University of Sydney Medical SchoolCardiac myofilament regulation through the Z-disc in human heart failure patients. Translation to humans and dogs with heart failure
Pyle, GlenIn collaboration with Mike Regnier, University of WashingtonA novel therapeutic for the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy. Translating to humans and dogs with heart failure.
Saleh, TarekIn collaboration Michel Rathobone & Shucui Jiang, McMaster UniversityRole of Guanosine as a neuroprotectant in stroke and spinal cord injury
Saleh, Tarekinvestigating the mechanisms involved in cell death following a stroke. This work is relevant in both animals and humans as it is a validated model of oxidative stress. We screen potential therapeutics against oxidative stress-induced cell death which is universally applicable to many disease processes involving free radical damage and inflammation.
Summerlee, AlastairGavin ArmstrongCommercializing the Lucky Iron FishTM Using Social Enterprise: A Novel Health Innovation For Iron Deficiency and Anemia in Cambodia and Beyond
Wood, DarrenStephan TranEffect of chemotherapeutic agents on the microRNA profile of a canine lymphoma cell line